Descargar Pro Emitters Para Particle Illusion 36
So a super emitter is made up of free emitter types and free emitters are created by the super emitter based on the properties of its free emitter type. Each free emitter type consists of particle types, and particles are created by each free emitter based on the properties of its particle type. In other words, a super emitter creates free emitters, which in turn create particles which combine to form the visual effect.
Descargar Pro Emitters Para Particle Illusion 36
These Emitter Library emitters are the starting point for building new particle effects: the first step in building an animation is to add one or more emitters from the Emitter Library to your project.
Before looking at the parameters in the Controls View, remember from earlier that a regular emitter is made up of one or more particle types, and a super emitter is made up of one or more free emitter types, which in turn contain one or more particle types. This relationship is clearly seen in the Nodes View:
The parameters in this group allow you to adjust the noise field of each particle type individually. Remember that the base Turbulence Field settings are made in the Emitter Properties, and by default each particle type in the emitter will use the same settings.
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High-efficiency counting of α emitters in a solid source has the disadvantage that the α particles emitted at the smallest angles to the source plane can get absorbed in the carrier foil without being detected. Therefore, metrological accuracy can be gained by counting only the particles emitted perpendicularly to the source plane within a well-defined small solid angle (DSA) and multiplying the count rate with the geometry correction factor . The JRC has two α-DSA counting set-ups consisting of a source chamber, distance tube, and a circular diaphragm in front of a large PIPS detector. Pictures and a technical drawing have been published . Variations in geometrical efficiency can be realised by replacing diaphragms and distance tubes.
The JRC has published several cases of good practice in half-life measurements using various instruments, i.e. re-entrant ionization chambers [92, 103,104,105,106,107], HPGe detectors [81, 82, 105, 106, 110], NaI(Tl) scintillation detectors [81, 82, 105], liquid scintillation counters [82, 107], the CsI(Tl) sandwich spectrometer [81, 82], planar ion-implanted silicon detectors [40, 81, 82, 108, 109, 111], x-ray  and alpha-particle defined solid angle counters [81, 82], and a pressurized proportional counter [42, 81, 82]. Over a period of 3 decades, the JRC was the only institute that published two unbiased values for the half-life of 109Cd [98, 106], whereas other data in the literature were discrepant (Fig. 9). This was recently confirmed through new measurement results from the NIST and the NPL . A similar discrepancy between the literature values of the 55Fe half-life was solved with the most stable data set collected over a period of 18 years [42, 98], consistent with a previous measurement at the JRC  and a recent result from the PTB  (Fig. 10). Extensive research was done on important nuclides for detector calibration (54Mn, 65Zn, 109Cd, 22Na, 134Cs), medically interesting isotopes (177Lu, 171Tm, 99mTc), and in particular alpha-emitters considered for alpha immunotherapy, such as the decay products in the 230U [82, 108, 114] and 225Ac series [40, 41, 81] and 227Th  from the 227Ac series.
The methodology has been used to significantly improve the emission probabilities in the decay of 235U , 240Pu [132, 133], 238U , the 230U decay series , the 225Ac/213Bi decay series , 236U , 226Ra , and 231 Pa . The published 231 Pa results were the first using direct alpha-particle spectrometry with semi-conductor detectors and the values of emission probabilities were improved by an order of magnitude, which should help to solve inconsistencies and inaccuracies in the decay scheme. For 238U, the thickness of the sources was a trade-off between the conflicting requirements of energy resolution and counting statistics . Spectra were continuously acquired over a period of 2 years, and an extra-large magnet system had to be used to cover the big 238U sources. Emission energies and a branching factor for 213Bi could be improved by removing spectral interferences through chemical separation by collecting recoil atoms on a glass plate . Uncertainty calculations require particular attention to account for correlation effects from interferences and peak shape distortions . Detailed uncertainty budgets were published for the determination of reference values for 226Ra, 234U, and 238U activity in water in the frame of proficiency tests [140, 141].
The following emitter libraries were created with particleIllusion 2.0 before 3.0 was released, and were organized into "themed" libraries when 3.0 was released. These "themed" libraries are available on the 3.0 CD and in the "all libraries" ZIP file -- although you won't have libraries with the following names, you do have the emitters already.